Innovations is internationally peer-reviewed journal. Innovations aim to publish original research articles and review articles in diverse fields of Social Sciences and related. This is non-profit, non-stock refereed scientific journal in the world. Innovations is quarterly publication with non-commercial purpose. Innovations Journal has been indexed in the well-known world databases such as Scopus and Cosmos . Innovations recognized as a primary instrument for projecting and supporting the goals and objectives, which include scholarly research and the free exchange of ideas. Innovations appreciate systematic reviews, original papers, and peer-reviewed research on all aspects of social science.
Political Participation of Tribal Women in Panchayati Raj System: A Study of Paikmal Block of Bargarh District in Odisha
Hemalata Chak, Ph.D Scholar , Dr. Tusarkant Pattnaik
Political Participation of women is broader than their participation in the electoral and administrative process. It is not only related to ‘Right to Vote’ but at the same time relates to participation in decision making process, political activities, political consciousness, etc. Political participation of tribal women in Panchayat raj institution in their process political participation and empowerment in PRIs. It analyses the effectiveness of tribal women’s political participation in PRI affairs and their ability of political participation in a most tribal populated. Women particularly, the tribal women have been marginalized, subjected to various exploitation and sufferings, women in general and rural women in particular are a bundle of all disadvantages. In spite of various constitutional provisions are made and legal measures are provided for protecting their interests, they are still subjected to exploitation. Therefore, the main objectives of this research is find out the extent to which the tribal women involve themselves in the political process. This paper examines the level of political participation of tribal women in panchayatraj institution activities and people awareness about creating sustainable panchayatraj institution for their better participation. The tribal’s since ages have living within their environment and any disputes; disagreement was decided and settled by themselves. Especially, the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts provide for an opportunity for women’s entry into political spheres especially tribal women.
A Framework for Developing Intellectual Property Perspective among Computer Science Students
Dr. J V Madhuri,LNS Prakash Goteti
Intellectual property rights are being discussed and have become as policy issues in this era of knowledge. Every organization, industry in every sector is striving hard to protect, create, and convert their intangible assets to tangible ones through intellectual property rights. In this scenario, young students comprising majority work force of information technology field are to be sensitized about intellectual property rights at the beginning of their career. With this background, as a facilitator of this course a frame work was developed to impart intellectual property rights education to computer science students. This paper discusses how students are introduced to concepts in a unit wise manner and as the course makes progress, how challenges are dealt pedagogically to reach the outcomes of the course.
Resource Scarcity and Its Effect on Demand for Children and Child Mortality in Ethiopia: The Case of Machakel Woreda
Hayatu Mude (MSc.) Mekonnen Bersisa (PhD) and Tenager Muluye (MSc.)
Population growth rate, particularly, high fertility rate in these countries is perhaps related to unacceptable risk of child death, extreme poverty related to the deterioration of natural resource base like potable water, fodder and fuel wood. The general objective of this study is to analyse the relationship between the levels of resource scarcity and demand for children by households. The data were analysed using the Tobit and logit model. It was found that fuel wood scarcity proxy variable which is time required collecting fire wood and other proxy variables of resource scarcity that is distance to water source affect (demand for child) fertility affect positively. In addition as the Tobit regression shows child mortality also affect child fertility positively at 1% significance level. Another proxy variable of resource scarcity which is access to safe water as logistic regression indicates affect child mortality rate negatively but distance to health service affect child mortality positively. According to Tobit model result distance to health center, livestock holding, private land holding, education of wife, price of animal feed and age of wife were not significantly affect demand for children in rural households .On the other hand as logistic regression mode suggests education of husband and total livestock holding of were not significantly affect child mortality in rural farm households of the study area
Effect of Electric Power Disturbance on Small and Medium Enterprises Business Benefit; In the Case of Gurage Zone
Developing countries electricity supply is highly unreliable. The main objective of this study is to analyze the Economics cost of the electric power disturbance on the SME business in a case of Guragezone, Ethiopia. Using a conditional logit and the binary logistic regression models, to be associated with consumers’ willingness to pay for improve power disturbance. The result shows that power disturbance variables results reveals that (measured using frequency of power disturbance in a per days and monthly electricity expenditure) have a positive and significant effect on the estimated willingness to pay or causes for economic costs on SME, but Alternative source of power supply equipment has negative and significant at 5% level of significance effects on willing to pay for improved services. Study revealed that the power disturbance in study area has levied significant additional costs on the SMEs. Therefore, the researcher suggests that there is need for the Ethiopia government intervention on the ways to improving energy generation and supply, and proper maintenance of electricity infrastructure in the study area.
Dimensions and Determinants of Food Insecurity among Rural Households in Ethiopia
Ethiopia is among the poorest countries in the world, with very low human development indicators, ranked 174th out of 188 countries. The main objective of this thesis was to identify the determinants of food insecurity among rural farm households, to measure the rural farm household’s food insecurity status and its severity and to analysis food insecurity dimension in the study area. The primary data were collected through structured questionnaire from four kebeles with a total sample household of 165. In the descriptive statistics such as standard deviation, percentage, mean, and t-value, were used to analysis the data and inferential statistics such as linear regression analysis, and logistic regression analysis. The descriptive statistics revealed a significant mean difference at an acceptable significance level between the food secure and food insecure households. A binary logit econometric model has identified seven out of thirteen variables included in the model as significant. Household size per AE, number of oxen owned, dependence ratio, annual crop production, cultivated land and distance from agricultural office and annual consumption per AE were found to be significant determinants of food insecurity in the study area. The head count ratio computed by FGT model revealed that 53.3 percent of sample households were food insecure. The food insecurity gap and severity were 13.5 and 6 percent respectively.
Anticipated effect of education on economic growth in Ethiopia: time series analysis
Hayatu Mude Sherif
Financing in education has newlyinstitutedvital social objectives for a rationallyvirtuous level of human capital raises a laborer’s proficiency’s, productivity and value of life.This research basically focused on the anticipated effect ofeducation Ethiopian economic growth is verified empirically. The researchplanned at decomposing the relationship between education and economic growth using time series data from 1975/76 to 2015/16. All those independent variables were found to be stationary in first difference. Long-run associationamong variables, short run andlong run dynamics were inveterate through Johnson co-integration analysis and VECM specification. The finding showsin the long run on government education expenditure,labour force, quality education, secondary enrolment rate and tertiary enrolment ratewould affect the economic growth. Lastly, the Granger causality test was conducted and the results show that tertiary education and labour force can have a power on economic growth.